||near Markleeville to near Gardnerville
||Class II+, harder at higher flows
||20 miles, 1 or 2 days
||kayaks 500 - 4000, rafts 600 - 4000 cfs, IK minimum 400
||flow measured below Markleeville
||25 fpm average, more higher up
||along highway 89/4 at Hangman's bridge or upstream, 5500'
||rocky beach above defunct diversion dam, 4980'
||25 miles (40 minutes) one-way
||Tahoe NF, AAA Lake Tahoe Region,
||Spring and early summer, from snowmelt
||USFS, BLM, private,
guided Whitewater Rafting
||© 1998, 2009, 2012 Bill Tuthill,
Starting in pine forest and ending in the high desert, with frequent glimpses
of distant snow-covered peaks, offering several hotsprings near midpoint,
and containing many fun rapids, this is one of the finest novice runs
in California. Its mild class II+ rating can be deceptive however, because
the water is swift and cold, the rocks sharp and abrasive, and the bedrock
banks sometimes undercut. Flows are highest in the morning, so consider
the peaks when deciding if it is too low or too high to run.
After the flood of 1997 the class III rapids above Hangman's Bridge became
more class II-like. It is best to avoid crowds and put in at one of the
many roadside turnouts south of the bridge, rather than at the bridge.
Note that there are no sanitary facilities above Hangman's Bridge,
so overnight camping and parking is not permitted alongside highway 89/4.
The further up the highway you go, the more the rapids approach class III.
The Cassady/Calhoun guidebook describes this upper run in detail, with
its 65 fpm gradient and continuous class III rapids. Intermediate boaters
usually like to start way upstream for some morning excitement.
Along Markleeville Creek between town and put-in is a nice USFS campground
that is often filled on Friday nights.
The other side of put-in, Carson River Resort rents cabins and campsites;
for pictures and reservations.
Upper run. Some boaters put in near the junction of highways 89 and 4,
or further upstream following a dirt road along the river to Wolf Creek.
After the flood of 1997 this section became less difficult and is now
fairly continuous class II-III with some passages between large boulders.
- mile 0
- Put in at Hangman's Bridge, or at a turnout along highway 89/4.
There is a good one about .4 mile upstream from Hangman's Bridge,
and another one just downstream of the highway 4 and 89 junction.
Toilet facilities are available at the Hangman's bridge put-in.
Wide-open class II rapids start immediately.
- Hangman's Bridge, the normal put-in, with attendant crowds and a
very small beach. Below, rapids can be tight at times, and the
lava rock walls are sometimes undercut. A choice of channel is
best resolved on the left (1997).
- Markleeville Creek enters from the left, increasing the flow by
more than half. Rapids become larger but generally safer.
- The river channel has changed, and although the best route appears
to be on the left, most of the water flows to the right thru an
old established line of willows.
- Ponderosa bench on the right makes several excellent campsites, all
within walking distance of a hotspring on the right bank downstream,
and a nicer rock-lined hotspring on the left bank.
- Sidewinder or Rattlesnake, class II-III
This rapid changed during the high water of 2017. The river splits around an island.
The formerly popular left channel is now a waterfalls blocked by bedrock on the left,
with a passable slot on the far right of the channel near the island. See diagram.
However sharp rocks lurk below along the island. At higher flows they are avoidable
or underwater, but below 900 cfs they have been known to rip holes in rafts
and cause injury to swimming kayakers. At low flows the right channel is advised.
It is somewhat hard to find (go far right) and narrow with boulders though passable.
Thanks to Scott Hayward for diagram and iPhone photo showing where the channels meet.
This is how it used to look:
- A big hotspring cascades into the river. A large bench nearby
used to make an excellent campsite, but became less attractive
after a recent forest fire. Trees are starting to grow back.
Good campsites on river right were unaffected by fires.
- A small bench campsite with another small hotspring up a creek.
- Nevada State Line.
- Wrapper's Rapid, class II+
Recognition: .2 mile upstream, there's a cave high on the left bank.
At low flows, a curtain of rocks creates a slalom that many novice
rafters fail to negotiate. There is often at least one wrap here
every Sunday during rafting season, except at high water.
- Hazard: Bryant Creek emerges out of Leviathan Canyon on the right.
Guidebooks say that Old Leviathan mine, a superfund site with
evaporation pits containing 15 million gallons of acid mine leachate,
pollutes the creek with arsenic and other heavy metals, and advise
not drinking river water below here. Mitigation efforts started in 1984.
No pond overflows have occurred since 1999. However it remains advisable
to avoid filtering or purifying water below this point.
- A deep canyon with fantastic shapes in the basalt cliffs was the
planned site of a dam, fortunately never built.
- Horseshoe bend with many swallow's nests in the left bank cliffs.
Dirt ranch roads become visible.
- Grafitti warns you of a dangerous eroded diversion dam and falls
ahead. Swift water continues. The take out is a gravel bar on the
right bank, only a short distance downhill from a dirt parking lot.
- Hazard! All guidebooks warn of the hazardous diversion dam
and waterfalls below take-out. The flood of 1997 eroded the right side
of this structure, creating what looks like a class V+ rapid on river right.
The former low-water crossing shortly below has been replaced by a bridge.
Upper upper, thanks to Chris R.
If you are willing to carry boats 8 miles from Antelope pack station
(above the town of Walker CA) there is a nice 15-18 mile run on the upper upper.
It is mostly class I to III, with downed trees and one class V drop (or portage)
in the upper half, and some IV rapids in the lower half. Watch for barbed wire.
The lower half still resembles the West Walker before the 1997 flood.
You can access the lower half with a 5 mile walk down from Heenan Lake.
Due to carry, even the lower half is infrequently run,
but 1000 cfs on the Markleeville gauge is deemed a good flow,
giving you about 100 cfs after the carry from Heenan Lake.
To reach put-in, drive south on highway 89/4 to Markleeville, and continue
about a mile past town to Hangman's Bridge, where there is an outhouse.
You can find better put-in spots upstream between the highway and river.
Even on Friday nights, campsites are often available at a USFS campground
down a dirt road before the bridge.
Shuttles are readily available by inquiring at stores in Markleeville.
To reach take-out, drive north to highway 88, turn right, and descend into
Nevada. You can take a shortcut by turning right on Centerville Lane,
and left across a bridge before Dresslerville, although going all the way
to Minden and turning right on highway 395 thru Gardnerville works too.
On 395 just past the Lahonton Fish Hatchery, turn right onto a dirt road
where the highway starts climbing a hill. The BLM parking lot is uphill
at the end of the dirt road. Vandalism has been reported often in the past.
Good shuttle service has been available in Markleeville or Minden NV.
Family Mountain Shuttle Service (Mindy and Paul Washam Jr, 530-694-2704)
has been providing reliable shuttle service for 24 years.
Great Basin Sports in Minden is willing to do shuttles;
the woman to contact is Pat Fried at 775-450-3446.
The Markleeville General Store has recommended River Rat Shuttle Service,
530-694-2448. Due to vandalism, it is preferable to leave your vehicle
at take-out only for a short time, not overnight.
To find nearby food and lodging, type Markleeville into the box and click Search.
Map of Rivers